Failure to Object at Trial

A failure to object during trial constitutes waiver, absent fundamental error. State v. Valdez, 160 Ariz. 9, 13-14, 770 P.2d 313, 317-18 (1989). Thus, to prevail on claim of prosecutorial misconduct, deffendent must demonstrate that the prosecutor's action "so infected the trial with unfairness as to make the resulting conviction a denial of due process." Donnelly v. DeChristoforo, 416 U.S. 637, 643, 40 L. Ed. 2d 431, 94 S. Ct. 1868 (1974). To reverse on the basis of prosecutorial misconduct, the conduct must be so egregious as to permeate the entire atmosphere of the trial. See State v. Atwood, 171 Ariz. 576, 611, 832 P.2d 593, 628 (1992); see also State v. Murray, 184 Ariz. 9, 35, 906 P.2d 542, 568 (1995) (finding the question to be "whether the prosecutor's actions were reasonably likely to have affected the jury's verdict, thereby denying him a fair trial"). When misconduct results in the defendant being denied a fair trial, we will reverse even absent an objection at the time of the misconduct. State v. Duzan, 176 Ariz. 463, 467, 862 P.2d 223, 227 (App. 1993).