Specific Jurisdiction In California
Specific jurisdiction arises when a nonresident defendant has purposefully directed his or her activities at forum residents, or has purposefully derived benefit from forum activities, or has purposefully availed himself or herself of the privilege of conducting activities within the forum, or has deliberately engaged in significant activities with a state or has created continuing obligations between himself and residents of the forum.
In such cases the defendant has availed himself of the privilege of conducting business in the forum, and because his activities are shielded by the benefits and protections of the forum's laws it is presumptively not unreasonable to require him to submit to the burdens of litigation in that forum as well. ( Vons Companies, Inc. v. Seabest Foods, Inc., supra, 14 Cal. 4th at p. 444.)
Under Code of Civil Procedure section 410.10, "A court of this state may exercise jurisdiction on any basis not inconsistent with the Constitution of this state or of the United States."
Our Supreme Court has explained that, "A state court's assertion of personal jurisdiction over a nonresident defendant who has not been served with process within the state comports with the requirements of the due process clause of the federal Constitution if the defendant has such minimum contacts with the state that the assertion of jurisdiction does not violate ' "traditional notions of fair play and substantial justice." ' ( International Shoe Co. v. Washington (1945) 326 U.S. 310, 316 [90 L. Ed. 95, 102, 66 S. Ct. 154, 161 A.L.R. 1057] . . . ." ( Vons Companies, Inc. v. Seabest Foods, Inc. (1996) 14 Cal. 4th 434, 444 [58 Cal. Rptr. 2d 899, 926 P.2d 1085], citations omitted.)