Proof Beyond a Reasonable Doubt In Connecticut
"Every element of the crime charged must be established by proof beyond a reasonable doubt. the basic facts underlying the elements of the crime charged, however, may be reasonably inferred by the fact finder. State v. Castonguay, 218 Conn. 486, 507, 590 A.2d 901 (1991).
'If it is reasonable and logical for the jury to conclude that a basic fact or an inferred fact is true, the jury is permitted to consider the fact proven and may consider it in combination with other proven facts in determining whether the cumulative effect of all the evidence proves the defendant guilty of all the elements of the crime charged beyond a reasonable doubt.' State v. Pinnock, 220 Conn. 765, 771, 601 A.2d 521 (1992); State v. Grant, 219 Conn. 596, 604-605, 594 A.2d 459 (1991)." State v. Milardo, 224 Conn. 397, 402-403, 618 A.2d 1347 (1993).
"When reviewing a claim of insufficiency of evidence, our task is twofold: 'We first review the evidence presented at trial, construing it in the light most favorable to sustaining the facts expressly found by the trial court or impliedly found by the jury.
We then decide whether, upon the facts thus established and the inferences reasonably drawn therefrom, the trial court or the jury could reasonably have concluded that the cumulative effect of the evidence established the defendant's guilt beyond a reasonable doubt.' State v. Jarrett, 218 Conn. 766, 770-71, 591 A.2d 1225 (1991); State v. Weinberg, 215 Conn. 231, 253, 575 A.2d 1003, cert. denied, 498 U.S. 967, 111 S. Ct. 430, 112 L. Ed. 2d 413 (1990).