State v. Joyner (1993)

In State v. Joyner, 225 Conn. 450, 471-72, 625 A.2d 791 (1993) the Court acknowledged the federal principle that a defendant's sanity is not an element of the state's case, so that the state need not bear the burden of proof on that issue. The court then concluded that the Connecticut constitution permits the legislature to determine that the defendant, rather than the state, must shoulder the burden of proof on sanity when sanity is not an element in the charge against the defendant. Id., 472.