Doctrine of Absolute Privilege In Illinois
In Illinois cases the doctrine of absolute privilege has been applied to various executive officers of government including the Governor and others.
In Ritchey vs. Maksin, 71 Ill.2d. 470, 376 N.E.2d. 991, 17 Ill. Dec. 662 (1978) the Supreme Court extended the absolute privilege to a Products and Standards Inspector II employed by the Illinois Department of Agriculture charged with investigating allegations of adulteration and misbranding of commercial feed products. In Morton vs. Hartigan, 145 Ill.App.3d. 417, 495 N.E.2d 1159, 99 Ill.Dec. 424 (1986) absolute privilege was extended to the Illinois Attorney General in a retaliatory discharge case, a tort closely related to interference with employment relations, and defamation, other similar types torts.
In McLaughlin vs. Tilendis, 115 Ill.App.2d. 148, 253 N.E.2d. 85 (1969) the doctrine was held to protect a school superintendent.
In Larson vs. Doner 32 Ill.App.2d. 471, 178 N.E.2d. 399 (1961) a Mayor and Commissioners were protected. a School District architect was said to have absolute immunity in Haskell vs. Perkins, 16 Ill.App.2d. 428, 148 N.E.2d. 625 (1958).
The absolute immunity doctrine has been applied to virtually every common law tort including, but not limited to, malicious prosecution, tortious interference with business, false arrest blackmail, fraud, and intimidation. (See Morton, 495 N.E.2d. at 1165)