4 Elements of Defamation Michigan

In Ireland v. Edwards, 230 Mich App 607, 614; 584 NW2d 632 (1998), the Court identified the four elements of defamation as:

(1) a false and defamatory statement concerning the plaintiff;

(2) an unprivileged publication to a third party;

(3) fault amounting at least to negligence on the part of the publisher;

(4) either actionability of the statement irrespective of special harm (defamation per se) or the existence of special harm caused by the publication (defamation per quod).