Elements of Fraud Michigan
In Hord v. Environmental Research Institute, 228 Mich App 638, 642; 579 NW2d 133 (1998), the Court set forth the elements of a fraud claim:
There are six essential elements of a fraud claim:
(1) that the defendant made a material representation;
(2) that it was false;
(3) that when the defendant made it the defendant knew that it was false, or that the defendant made it recklessly, without any knowledge of its truth and as a positive assertion;
(4) that the defendant made it with the intention that it should be acted on by the plaintiff;
(5) that the plaintiff acted in reliance on it;
(6) that the plaintiff thereby suffered injury.
Each of these facts must be proved with a reasonable degree of certainty, and all of them must be found to exist; the absence of any one of them is fatal to a recovery.