General Contractor Liability for Subcontractor's Employee Injuries

In Groncki v. Detroit Edison Co, 453 Mich 644, 662; 557 NW2d 289 (1996) the Court held that as a rule, a general contractor is not liable for the injuries of a subcontractor's employee. An exception to this general rule applies when there are avoidable dangers in a common work area. To find liability under this exception, there must be: (1) a general contractor with supervisory and coordinating authority over the job site; (2) a common work area shared by the employees of more than one subcontractor; (3) a readily observable and avoidable danger in that common work area (4) that creates a high degree of risk to a significant number of workers. Id.