Statutory Interpretation Nevada
The construction of a statute is a question of law subject to de novo review. See State, Dep't of Mtr. Vehicles v. Lovett, 110 Nev. 473, 476, 874 P.2d 1247, 1249 (1994).
It is well established that when interpreting a statute, "'the meaning of words used in a statute may be sought by examining the context and by considering the reason or spirit of the law or the causes which induced the legislature to enact it.
The entire subject matter and the policy of the law may also be involved to aid in its interpretation, and it should always be construed so as to avoid absurd results.'" Moody v. Manny's Auto Repair, 110 Nev. 320, 325, 871 P.2d 935, 938 (1994) (quoting Welfare Div. v. Washoe Co. Welfare Dep't., 88 Nev. 635, 637-38, 503 P.2d 457, 458-59 (1972)).
When more than one interpretation of a statute can reasonably be drawn from its language, it is ambiguous and the plain meaning rule has no application. See Hotel Employees v. State, Gaming Control Bd., 103 Nev. 588, 591, 747 P.2d 878, 880 (1987).
Further, "'no part of a statute should be rendered nugatory, nor any language turned to mere surplusage, if such consequences can properly be avoided.'" Paramount Ins. v. Rayson & Smitley, 86 Nev. 644, 649, 472 P.2d 530, 533 (1970) (quoting Torreyson v. Board of Examiners, 7 Nev. 19, 22 (1871)).
"Courts must construe statutes . . . to give meaning to all of their parts and language . . . . the court should read each sentence, phrase, and word to render it meaningful within the context of the purpose of the legislation." Bd. of County Comm'rs v. CMC of Nevada, 99 Nev. 739, 744, 670 P.2d 102, 105 (1983).