CPLR 510 New York
In New York, the place of trial shall be in the county designated by the plaintiff unless the court orders a change in response to the defendant's motion or both parties agree to change venue. CPLR 509.
Pursuant to CPLR 510, the court upon motion may change the place of trial of an action where:
(1) the county designated for that purpose is not a proper county;
(2) there is reason to believe that an impartial trial cannot be had in the proper county;
(3) the convenience of material witnesses and the ends of justice will be promoted by the change.