Credible Facts to Establish Reasonable Cause for Police Vehicle Stop in New York

In People v. Robinson, 97 NY2d 341, 41 N.Y.S.2d 147, 767 N.E.2d 638 (2001), the Court stated that "A police officer who can articulate credible facts establishing reasonable cause to believe that someone has violated a law has established a reasonable basis to effectuate a stop." In that case the court further stated "Because the Vehicle and Traffic Law provides an objective grid upon which to measure probable cause, a stop based on that standard is not arbitrary in the context of constitutional search and seizure jurisprudence." Nevertheless, the court indicated that an objective standard was required for the stop a motor vehicle.