New York General Municipal Law Section 205-c Interpretation

General Municipal Law 205-c ("GML 205-e") permits a police officer to recover for injuries sustained in accidents caused by a municipality's failure to comply with any statute, ordinance, or other laws (Simons 252 AD2d at 452). As a predicate to maintaining this type of action, a plaintiff must rely on an underlying violation (Zanghi v. Niagara Frontier Transp. Commn., 85 N.Y.2d 423, 441, 649 N.E.2d 1167, 626 N.Y.S.2d 23), regardless of whether it codifies a common-law duty or the alleged defect increases the dangers inherent in police work. (GML 205-e[3]) Plaintiff must additionally set forth facts from which it may be inferred that the defendant's negligence directly or indirectly caused harm to him or her (Quinto v New York City Tr. Auth., 7 AD3d 689, 689-690, 776 N.Y.S.2d 835; see Williams v City of New York, 2 NY3d 352, 363, 811 N.E.2d 1103, 779 N.Y.S.2d 449; Galapo v City of New York, 95 NY2d 568, 574, 744 N.E.2d 685, 721 N.Y.S.2d 857).