Are Power of Local Self Government and Police Power Constitutional Grants of Authority Equivalent In Dignity ?
In Ohio, a municipal government is not merely a local agent of the state government.
Rather, perhaps even more clearly than in the United States Constitution, there is a sphere of constitutionally granted local power within which the local (in this case municipal) authority is supreme.
As stated by the Ohio Supreme Court, "The power of local self-government and that of the general police power are constitutional grants of authority equivalent in dignity.
A city may not regulate activities outside its borders, and the state may not restrict the exercise of the powers of self-government within a city." Canton v. Whitman (1975), 44 Ohio St.2d 62, 73 O.O.2d 285, 337 N.E.2d 766.