Fraud Elements In Ohio
In Ohio, fraud requires:
(1) a representation or, where there is a duty to disclose, an omission of a fact;
(2) that is material to the transaction;
(3) made falsely, with knowledge of its falsity, or with such utter disregard and recklessness as to whether it is true or false that knowledge may be inferred;
(4) with the intent of misleading another into relying on it;
(5) justifiable reliance on the representation or concealment;
(6) an injury proximately caused by that reliance. See Cohen v. Lamko, Inc. (1984), 10 Ohio St.3d 167, 10 Ohio B. 500, 462 N.E.2d 407.