3 Main Practice of Law Categories

In Shortz et al. v. Farrell, 327 Pa. 81, 85, 193 A. 20, 21 (1937), our Pennsylvania Supreme Court outlined three broad categories of activities that constitute the practice of law: (1) the instruction and advising of clients in regard to the law so that they may pursue their affairs and be informed as to their rights and obligations; (2) the preparation of documents for clients requiring familiarity with legal principles beyond the ken of ordinary laypersons; (3) the appearance on behalf of clients before public tribunals, the application of rules of evidence, the examination and cross-examination of witnesses, and presentation of arguments in order to assist the deciding official in the proper interpretation and enforcement of the law. Shortz, 327 Pa. at 84-85; 193 A. at 21.