Constitutional Limitation of Federal-Court Jurisdiction Principle

In Simon v. Eastern Kentucky Welfare Rights Organization, 426 U.S. 26, 37, 96 S. Ct. 1917, 48 L. Ed. 2d 450 (1976), the United States Supreme Court stated that, "no principle is more fundamental to the judiciary's proper role in our system of government than the constitutional limitation of federal-court jurisdiction to actual cases or controversies." Id. This principle is equally fundamental to Pennsylvania's system of government. If this Court were to begin issuing decisions not based on specific sets of established facts, the Court would usurp the legislative function that is vested by our state constitution solely in the legislature. Pa. Const. art. 2, 1.