In Lucas v. United States, 757 S.W.2d 687 (Tex. 1988), the court noted that when the Texas Legislature enacted medical malpractice damages caps, it stated that "adoption of certain modifications in the medical, insurance, and legal systems . . . may or may not have an effect on the rates charged by insurers for medical professional liability coverage." Id. at 691.
n striking down the caps as unconstitutional, the court concluded that "in the context of persons catastrophically injured by medical negligence, we believe it is unreasonable and arbitrary to limit their recovery in a speculative experiment to determine whether liability insurance rates will decrease." Id.