Akron v. Akron Center for Reproductive Health, Inc
In Akron v. Akron Center for Reproductive Health, Inc., 462 U.S. 416 (1983), the Supreme Court was presented with a challenge to an Ohio ordinance which, among other things, required all second trimester abortions to be performed in a hospital. See id. at 422.
Reaffirming the prohibition against over regulation of a relatively safe surgical procedure, the Court held that the state's discretion to regulate on the basis of maternal health does not... permit it to adopt abortion regulations that depart from accepted medical practice.... If a State requires licensing or undertakes to regulate the performance of abortions during this period, the health standards adopted must be legitimately related to the objective the State seeks to accomplish. Id. at 431.
The Court then invalidated the ordinance, holding that it"imposed a heavy, and unnecessary, burden on a woman's access to a relatively inexpensive, otherwise accessible, and safe abortion procedure." Id. at 438.