Alaska Packers' Association v. Industrial Accident Commission
In Alaska Packers' Ass'n v. Industrial Accident Commission, 276 U.S. 467, 48 S.Ct. 346, 72 L.Ed. 656 (1928), the injured workman was a resident of California and was employed by a California corporation to do work in Alaska.
He agreed to go to Alaska as a seaman and after arriving in Alaska to work as directed. He made nets, fixed up boats, and served as a fisherman on one of them. He was injured while attempting to push a stranded fishing boat off the beach.
The Supreme Court held that, assuming the injury to be within the admiralty jurisdiction, the injured employee was not engaged "in any work so directly connected with navigation and commerce that to permit the rights of the parties to be controlled by the local law would interfere with the essential uniformity of the general maritime law."
In Alaska Packers' Association v. Industrial Accident Commission, 276 U.S. 467 (1928), a person engaged by a fishing and canning company as a seaman, also as a fisherman, and then for general work in and about a cannery, was injured after the fishing season was over while standing upon the shore and endeavoring to push a stranded fishing boat into navigable waters for the purpose of floating it to a nearby dock, where it was to be lifted out and stored for the winter.
It was held that the injury, even if within admiralty jurisdiction, was of such a local character as to be cognizable under a state compensation law, - a ruling which would not injure the characteristic features or uniformity of the admiralty law.