Algoma Plywood & Veneer Co. v. Wisconsin Employment Relations Bd
In Algoma Plywood & Veneer Co. v. Wisconsin Employment Relations Bd., 336 U.S. 301, 307 (1949), the Court interpreted 8(3) of the Wagner Act, which permitted the closed shop before it was amended by the Taft-Hartley Act of 1947. See id. at 307-09.
Addressing the concern that 8(3) could be interpreted as outlawing the closed shop, the Court stated, " 8(3) merely disclaims a national policy hostile to the closed shop or other forms of union-security agreement." Id. at 307.
The Court, in part, relied on language from a Senate Report indicating that 8(3) "deals with the question of the closed shop." Id.
The Court then quoted a statement made by Senator Wagner that 8(3) "will not change the status quo. . . . Wherever it is the law today that a closed-shop agreement can be made, it will continue to be the law. By this bill we do not change that situation." Id. at 310.
In Algoma Plywood & Veneer Co. v. Wisconsin Employment Relations Board, 336 U.S. 301, 314 (1949) the Supreme Court stated that " 14(b) of the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) was included in the NLRA to forestall the inference that federal policy was to be exclusive."