Amoco Prod. Co. v. Village of Gambell, AK
In Amoco Prod. Co. v. Village of Gambell, AK, 480 U.S. 531, 107 S. Ct. 1396, 94 L. Ed. 2d 542 (1987), the Supreme Court rejected the presumption that injunctive relief is the appropriate remedy for a violation of an environmental statute absent rare or unusual circumstances.
After examining the language and purpose of the statute at issue (the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act), 16 U.S.C. 3101, the Court concluded the Act simply "established a framework for reconciliation, where possible, of competing public interests." Amoco Prod. Co., 480 U.S. at 546.
Thus, rather than relying upon a presumption contrary to traditional equitable principles, the Court reaffirmed the bases for injunctive relief are irreparable injury and inadequacy of legal remedies, noting that in each case a court must balance competing claims. Id. at 542.