Ashcroft v. Iqbal
In Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 129 S. Ct. 1937 , 1953 (2009), the Supreme Court held that the rule in Twombly applied beyond antitrust cases to all civil actions.
In Iqbal, the Supreme Court held that Rule 8(a) does not require detailed factual allegations, but does demand more than an unadorned, the-defendant-unlawfully-harmed-me accusation. Id., 129 S. Ct. at 1949. Although a court will take factual allegations in a complaint as true, it does not have to accept legal conclusions, couched as factual accusations, as true. Id., 129 S. Ct. at 1949-50.