Baral v. U.S

In Baral v. U.S., 528 U.S. 431 (2000) the Supreme Court referred to withholding as "garden variety collection of income tax," 528 U.S. at 433, 120 S.Ct. at 1007, and further explained "withholding and estimated tax remittances are not taxes in their own right, but methods for collecting the income tax." 528 U.S. at 436, 120 S.Ct. at 1009. The court noted that the Internal Revenue Code section at issue there referred to withheld taxes and estimated tax payments both as prepaid income taxes. 528 U.S. at 437, 120 S.Ct. at 1010, citing 26 U.S.C. 6513.