Barron v. the Mayor and City Council of Baltimore (1833)
In Barron v. the Mayor and City Council of Baltimore (1833) 32 U.S. 243, the Supreme Court held that the Fifth Amendment did not apply to the states.
Marshall, C. J., referring to the first eleven amendments, said: "These amendments contain (121) no expression indicating an intention to apply them to the State governments. This Court cannot so apply them."
The Court held that the first eight Amendments to the Federal Constitution only applied to the federal government and did not extend to the states
The constitution was ordained and established by the people of the United States for themselves, for their own government, and not for the government of the individual states.
The Court held that the Bill of Rights applied only to the federal government.
The Court ruled that the first 10 amendments to the federal constitution were not applicable to the states, but instead, were designed as a check on the new national government.