Boston and Maine Railroad v. Piper

In Boston and Maine Railroad v. Piper, 246 U.S. 439, 38 S.Ct. 354, 62 L.Ed. 820 (1918), the Supreme Court examined the effect of a provision in a bill of lading that limited a carrier's liability from unusual delay and detention caused by the carrier's negligence. The court stated that: While this provision was in the bill of lading, the form of which was filed with the railroad company's tariffs with the Interstate Commerce Commission, it gains nothing from that fact. The legal conditions and limitations in the carrier's bill of lading duly filed with the Commission are binding until changed by that body; but not so of conditions and limitations which are, as is this one, illegal, and consequently void. Id. at 445, 38 S.Ct. at 355.