Case Involving Robbery of Poker Players
In Ashe v. Swenson, 397 US 436, 443) the Supreme Court ruled that estoppel applied to ultimate facts.
That case involved a defendant who was acquitted in a prior trial of robbery involving one of several participants in a poker game.
Since there was no dispute that the robbery had occurred, the jury's verdict necessarily determined that defendant was not present at the time of the crime.
The Supreme Court held that the finding of this ultimate fact foreclosed the government from subsequently trying the earlier acquitted defendant for the robbery of another of the poker players.