The Number of Hours Worked Multiplied by the Hourly Rate

In Blanchard v. Bergeron, 489 U.S. 87, 103 L. Ed. 2d 67 (1989), the United State Supreme Court held that the starting point of the reasonable hourly rate multiplied by the hours reasonably expended may be adjusted by the factors articulated in Johnson v. Georgia Hwy. Exp. Inc., 488 F.2d 714, 717-719 (5th Cir. 1974). Those factors are: The time and labor required; the novelty and difficulty of the question presented; the skill required to perform the legal services; the preclusion of other employment due to the acceptance of the case; the customary fee in the community; whether the fee is fixed or contingent; the time limitations imposed by the client or the circumstances; the amount involved and the results obtained; the expertise, reputation and ability of the attorneys; the undesirability of the case; the nature and length of the professional relationship with the client; and awards in similar cases.