Rice v. Granite School District
In Rice v. Granite School District, 23 Utah 2d 22, 456 P.2d 159 (1969), the Court held that, "depending upon the character of the negotiations and the circumstances surrounding the parties," governmental entities may be estopped from raising the Immunity Act as a jurisdictional defense against claims lodged by injured parties. 23 Utah 2d at 27, 456 P.2d at 163.
Specifically, governmental entities are estopped from raising the Immunity Act as a defense where their statements "induce" plaintiffs into "delaying filing an action," Rice, 23 Utah 2d at 28, 456 P.2d at 163, or where such statements mislead plaintiffs into filing notice of claim incorrectly. See Shunk v. State, 924 P.2d 879, 882 (Utah 1996).