Utah School Boards Ass'n v. Utah State Board of Education
In Utah School Boards Ass'n v. Utah State Board of Education, 2001 UT 2, 17 P.3d 1125, the Court examined language from article X, section 3, 7 which governs Utah's public education system.
While section 4 vests "general control and supervision" of the higher education system in the legislature, section 3 vests "general control and supervision" of the public education system in the State Board of Education.
The Court construed this language in the context of the Utah School Boards Association's challenge to a statute that vested the state school board with authority to make decisions regarding individual schools. The Association argued that the phrase "general control and supervision" actually restricted the authority of the state school board, preventing it from exercising "specific or local supervision and control." Id.
The Court rejected the association's premise that the phrase "general control and supervision" limited the Board's authority.
Instead, the Court concluded that the "common and ordinary understanding" of the phrase encompassed "the authority to direct and manage all aspects of the public education system in accordance with the laws made by the legislature." Id.